HYSTORY
n the 1906, one year after the foundation of ITALA, Matteo Ceirano (Giovanni Battista Ceirano’s brother, who was the founder of Accomandita Ceirano & C.) decided to resign from the position held in this company and to contact Michele Ansaldi, a well-known industrialist retired from the "FIAT - Ansaldo" company. Michele Ansaldi offered to the new partner his experience and financial contribution to establish a new automotive factory. In the 12th of June 1906, the Societá Piemontese Automobili of Ansaldo and Ceirano, better known as "SPA", was born.

Within this new industrial reality, the two entrepreneurs undertook well-defined organisational roles: Ansaldi was responsible of the productive methods programming; Ceirano supported the vehicles design phase.

Although, the SPA could count on a capital of 1,000,000 £ and on the participation of excellent members, there was a lack of resources to enable an immediate statement in the nascent automotive city scenario.

In 1908, the "F.L.A.G." (Fabbrica Automobili Ligure Genoa) was proposed as a partner factory merging the two companies and increasing the corporation stock of 4,500,000 £. The logo and the words "SPA" remained unchanged, as well as the production site, which was located in Borgo San Paolo in Turin, while the economic-financial direction moved to Genoa. As a result of this union, the company name changed into "Societá Ligure Piemontese Automobili".

This moment was a milestone of a period of great success, both in sports and in the industrial field. Indeed, in 1909, started the production of aircraft engines together with the cars and trucks previously carried out.
uring the pre-war period, the SPA could supply the National Ministry of War because its strength, brilliance and innovation. The Turin factory supplied numerous trucks, which were provided to the Ministries of Agriculture, Industry and Commerce. This success led the company to shift its own production mainly to trucks.Meanwhile, the Italian involvement in 1st World War let the "SPA" become one of the leading city factory, indispensable for the Italian Army to face the conflict. The company fell in a deep financial crisis due to economic difficulties related to the post-war period.
In 1919, the property of the company "Ansaldo" in Genoa, followed a few years later by the stakeholders of the Italian Agricoltural Bank,
invested a huge amount of money buying out the majority of the Piedmontese factory.

n 1926, after the crisis of Ansaldo, Fiat will be able to absorb some of the companies of the Liguria group. Therefore, Fiat took the control of SPA becoming the unique owner.

After the 2nd World War, the company became a production department of Fiat, even if the production, increasingly oriented towards the construction of trucks, continued until 1949, when the gates of the factory located in Corso Ferrucci n. 122 in Turin released the last truck of the historic Italian brand.


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